Data | Surge in MGNREGS work demand, sowing of kharif crops lead to pre-COVID rural employment levels

Data | Surge in MGNREGS work demand, sowing of kharif crops lead to pre-COVID rural employment levels

The excessive ranges of reverse migration recorded in the course of the COVID-19-related lockdown led to a sudden surge in demand for work by MGNREGS in States the place the majority of the migrants returned.

Sowing of kharif crops doubled this 12 months following a large enhance in rural labour and an above common monsoon. These two elements led to ranges of rural employment seen earlier than the lockdown was imposed.

Demand for work

The graph depicts the % of districts the place the no. of households which demanded MGNREGS work tripled (darkish inexperienced), doubled (gentle inexperienced), elevated considerably (yellow) or decreased (pink) in FY21 in comparison with FY20. Whereas the demand tripled in lots of districts in West Bengal, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh, it decreased in lots of districts in Punjab, Telangana and Maharashtra.

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Sowing surge

Farmers sowed 315.63 lakh hectares (LH) of kharif crops as of June 26, 127 LH greater than the world normally coated by this time. In locations reminiscent of Punjab, Maharashtra and Telangana, the demand for MGNREGS work was presumably muted resulting from a big enhance in sowing.

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Additionally learn: Market arrivals dip, procurement delays: How COVID-19 impacted agriculture

Again with jobs

CMIE’s information on employment charge present that the agricultural charge has bounced again to pre-COVID ranges whereas the city charge remains to be stuttering after a good restoration following the unlock.

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Final phrase

The sudden rise in sowing, particularly in cotton, must be met with an equal enhance in authorities procurement. If not, the glut available in the market will trigger costs to crash and income to dwindle.

Additionally, in response to CMIE, although rural jobs have elevated, resulting from extra provide of labour the wage charges will drop considerably. Thus, employees might earn lower than they used to.

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