Museum or mosque? Top Turkey court to rule on Hagia Sophia

Museum or mosque? Top Turkey court to rule on Hagia Sophia

Turkey’s prime court docket will ship a crucial verdict Thursday on whether or not Istanbul’s emblematic landmark and former church Hagia Sophia will be redesignated as a mosque, a ruling which may inflame tensions with the West.

The sixth-century edifice — a magnet for vacationers worldwide with its gorgeous structure — has been a museum since 1935, open to believers of all faiths. Regardless of occasional protests by Islamic teams, typically shouting, “Let the chains break and open Hagia Sophia” for Muslim prayers exterior the UNESCO world heritage website, authorities have to date saved the constructing a museum.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan prays during the opening ceremony of the Yeditepe Biennial at the Hagia Sophia or Ayasofya Museum in Istanbul recently.

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan prays in the course of the opening ceremony of the Yeditepe Biennial on the Hagia Sophia or Ayasofya Museum in Istanbul not too long ago.
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through REUTERS
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The Hagia Sophia was first constructed as a church within the Christian Byzantine Empire within the sixth century however was transformed right into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453. Reworking the Hagia Sophia right into a museum was a key reform of the post-Ottoman Turkish authorities beneath the fashionable republic’s founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

However requires it to serve once more as a mosque have raised anger amongst Christians and tensions between historic foes and uneasy NATO allies Turkey and Greece.

FILE - In this Friday, Aug. 17, 2018 file photo, visitors walk towards the Byzantine-era Hagia Sophia, one of Istanbul's main tourist attractions, in the historic Sultanahmet district of Istanbul.

FILE – On this Friday, Aug. 17, 2018 file photograph, guests stroll in the direction of the Byzantine-era Hagia Sophia, one among Istanbul’s important vacationer sights, within the historic Sultanahmet district of Istanbul.
(
AP
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Turkey’s Council of State will ship a ruling on its standing both on the identical day or inside two weeks, the official Anadolu information company reported.

ALSO SEE : Images | Mosque or museum: Turkey’s disputed Hagia Sophia

– ‘Excessive-profile image’ –

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan final month mentioned the choice was for the court docket — often called the Danistay — including: “The mandatory steps might be taken following the decision.”

However Erdogan beforehand indicated it was time to rename the Hagia Sophia as a mosque, saying it had been a “very massive mistake” to transform it right into a museum, in feedback earlier than municipal elections final yr.

“The Danistay choice will probably be a political one. Regardless of the final result, will probably be a results of the federal government’s deliberation,” mentioned Asli Aydintasbas, fellow on the European Council on Overseas Relations.

FILE - In this Saturday, March 31, 2018 file photo, Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, centre, accompanied by his wife Emine, right, waves to supporters as he walks in the Byzantine-era Hagia Sophia, an UNESCO world heritage site and one of Istanbul's main tourist attractions, in the historic Sultanahmet district of Istanbul.

FILE – On this Saturday, March 31, 2018 file photograph, Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, centre, accompanied by his spouse Emine, proper, waves to supporters as he walks within the Byzantine-era Hagia Sophia, an UNESCO world heritage website and one among Istanbul’s important vacationer sights, within the historic Sultanahmet district of Istanbul.
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AP
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However she added the federal government might be weighing a lot of points, together with relations with Greece, Europe and with the US the place “faith is a vital matter”.

Anthony Skinner of the danger evaluation agency Verisk Maplecroft mentioned changing the Hagia Sophia right into a mosque would “kill at the very least two birds with one stone” for Erdogan: he may cater to his Islamic and nationalist base, and maintain if not exacerbate tensions with Greece, all whereas looking for to solid Turkey as a formidable energy.

“Erdogan couldn’t discover a more high-profile and potent image than Hagia Sophia to realize all these objectives directly,” he informed AFP.

The Turkish chief has in recent times positioned ever higher emphasis on the battles which resulted within the defeat of Byzantium by the Ottomans, with lavish celebrations held yearly to mark the conquest.

In Could, Muslim clerics recited prayers within the museum to have a good time the anniversary after the primary Koran recital in 85 years contained in the Hagia Sophia in 2015.

In 2016, the state spiritual channel broadcast a Koran recitation by a unique senior Turkish cleric contained in the museum on every day of the holy month of Ramadan.

– Turks divided –

Greece intently follows the way forward for Byzantine heritage in Turkey and is delicate to the difficulty because it sees itself as the fashionable succession to Orthodox Christian Byzantium. Greek Tradition Minister Lina Mendoni, who despatched a letter of protest to UNESCO final week, mentioned the transfer “rekindles nationwide and non secular fanaticism” and is an try to “diminish the monument’s world radiance”.

She accused the federal government of utilizing the monument “to serve inner political pursuits,” arguing that solely UNESCO had the authority to vary Hagia Sophia’s standing. The difficulty can also be adopted intently in Washington.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Wednesday urged Turkey to maintain the Hagia Sophia as a museum, and to make sure it stays accessible to all.

A view of the Byzantine-era Hagia Sophia, one of Istanbul's main tourist attractions in the historic Sultanahmet district of Istanbul, Thursday, June 25, 2020.

A view of the Byzantine-era Hagia Sophia, one among Istanbul’s important vacationer sights within the historic Sultanahmet district of Istanbul, Thursday, June 25, 2020.
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AP
)

“The US views a change within the standing of the Hagia Sophia as diminishing the legacy of this outstanding constructing and its unsurpassed skill… to serve humanity as a much-needed bridge between these of differing religion traditions and cultures.”

However Turks are divided over its future standing.

Mahmut Karagoz, an Istanbul shoemaker, 55, desires he can at some point pray beneath the dome of Hagia Sophia.

“It’s a legacy by our Ottoman ancestors. I hope our prayers might be heard, this nostalgia should come to an finish,” he informed AFP.

Nonetheless Sena Yildiz, an economics pupil, believes the Hagia Sophia ought to retain its museum standing.

“It is a vital place for Muslims, but additionally for Christians and for all those that love history,” she mentioned.

(This story has been revealed from a wire company feed with out modifications to the textual content.)

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